Dear students! Congratulations on your admission to RSSU! Good luck with your further studies!
Russian Federal Occupational Safety and Health Standard (GOST 12.0.004-90) provides for basic orientation to be carried out with all groups of students admitted to the University. The main objectives of basic orientation are to introduce safety rules, precautionary measures, labor protection standards, workplace hygiene, fire security requirements and pre-doctor help techniques.
Basic orientation is obligatory for all students admitted to the University at the arrival for work placement or production practice; it is also carried out with students before the start of any laboratory research or practical activity in the laboratories, work studios, work and testing areas.
Occupational safety is a series of activities aimed at life and health safety. The main legislative acts of the Russian Federation within the field of labor protection are Constitution of the Russian Federation, The Russian Federation labor code, other Federal Laws, Decrees of the President of Russia, Russian Federation Government Regulations, internal bylaws, internal rules and regulations, labor safety regulation, Collective Employment Agreement, Agreements, Instructions and other.
Labor Safety Requirements are to be followed by all students when performing any activities and including academic activity.
General Rules of Conduct for students acting within the University territory and buildings
1. To begin with it is necessary to admit that even on your way to University you must follow the Occupational safety rules. It is necessary to cross the road at the appointed place and at the moment of permissive traffic light signaling, you are to be attentive to the signals made by moving transport drivers.
2. Some of you will be used to arriving at the University by private vehicles. Follow traffic and parking regulations.
3. The University students’ duties include compliance with internal regulations and attending of classes according to the syllabus. Entrance to the University is only possible when having student ID or plastic card, so it is always necessary to have them about you.
4. All University students must follow further precautionary measures:
- Do not stand or pass by the buildings during roof repair works, icicles-removing works, snow, any steeplejack works;
- Follow safety requirements when you see passing by vehicles;
- Be careful when you are nearby from wells, manholes, pits, etc.;
- Get a safe distance from any location where welding, cutting of metal or other works happen;
- Do not enter any safety-guarded areas;
- Do not sit on the window sills and banisters;
- In order to prevent injuries avoid running, do not take several stairs at a time when going up- and downstairs;
- Wear shoes with non-slip soles (women shouldn’t wear shoes with heels higher than 3 cm during the studying activities);
- Do not use spray projectiles, explosives, firearms at the University.
5. University students are forbidden to touch live parts of electrical equipment, general lighting fittings, portable electric wires, cables lying on the floor and on the ground, do not open doors of panelboards.
6. Alcohol, drugs or toxic substances and smoking are prohibited on the University campus.
7. All students should be careful with the property of the University. Do not write on the walls and desks, do not break chairs, do not stick chewing gum to unobservable places, do not leave garbage after you either in auditoriums or in laboratories and classrooms.
8. You are to become professionals and you should follow the rules of etiquette and the rules of conduct when dealing with staff of the University. Show respect to each other. Learn to dress well and appropriately. Keep from using of foul language.
9. All students should follow the rules of personal hygiene, eat healthy, engage in any kind of sport activities (aerobics, swimming, basketball, yoga, etc.). At the breaks between classes it is recommended to leave the classroom to stretch the limbs, open the windows in order to ventilate the room (fresh air will cheer you up).
10. Medical examinations of students, including x-ray screenings are carried out according to the schedule. Flu vaccination is carried out in autumn and winter periods. Do not miss it! This will protect your health!
11. The work manager, teacher or lab assistant should hold a brief on occupational safety at the workplace before any laboratory and practical classes that are related to the use of specific equipment and tools, as well as chemicals and substances. Operating instructions, potential hazards and precautions, as well as alarm behavior should be clarified.
12. Do not use faulty wiring and items which can cause open fire (torches, candles, fireworks, sparklers, firecrackers) at the mass events (parties, concerts, festivals, competitions, conferences). Do not use defective, unstable and not fixed sports and fitness equipment during any sport events.
13. When using an elevator in the University buildings and dormitories it is necessary to be aware of "Elevator Safety Instructions" attached in the elevator cabin. Do not thrust and mob while entering the cabin; it is forbidden to jump, smoke and damage the floor and the walls.
14. Follow fire safety rules. Be acquainted with the evacuation plan, learn the location of entrances and exits, read the rules of fire-fighting appliance use.
Every student (or employee) of the University is obliged to know and strictly follow the fire safety rules and take all possible rescue and fire-fighting measures in case of fire. If you notice any source or signs of fire, smell the burning odor you must notify the University staff. If necessary, call the fire department at 01 (112 for cell phones) and start evacuation. Emergency fire-fighting equipment can be found in fire panels mounted into the walls at each floor and stairway. It includes fire plugs and powder extinguishers of ОПУ-5 or ОПУ-10 types. When fighting a fire with a fire plug it is necessary to unfold a fire hose and open the water supply valve. In case of water deficiency in the hydrant press the emergency water supply button (the button is inside the panel). Do not fight aflamed electric equipment and voltage-carrying wiring with water.
How to use a fire extinguisher:
1. Aim at base of fire;
2. Pull the pin at the top of the extinguisher up and squeeze the lever or press the button (depends on the type);
3. Remove spray element;
4. Use the handle to direct the nozzle at fire.
Operate the extinguisher from a distance of 3-4 metres. These types of extinguishers cannot be used to fight with burning alkali metals and materials burning without oxygen.
General rules and requirements for students living in dormitories
Operation of electrical appliances
1. Only technically sound appliances certificated in Russia can be used in dormitories.
2. T-splitters and extenders certified in Russia are allowed to be used indoors.
3. Do not switch multiple devices simultaneously connecting a T-splitter or extension cord into one electrical socket in order to avoid mains overload; avoid cord kinks and deformation.
4. Do not lay cords over gas and water pipes, gas and electric stoves, heating batteries.
5. Do not use cracked, broken or loose sockets.
6. Do not drill the walls, do not perforate and scratch them.
7. To prevent electric injuries it is necessary to comply with all rules and instructions when using electric appliances.
Safety requirements for electric and gas stoves.
1. “Safety requirements” should be studied before use of any kinds of stoves.
2. When using a gas stove, open the window to let fresh air flow in. Gas stoves must be kept clean to prevent contamination of the burners, as it leads to incomplete gas combustion and may lead to carbon monoxide poisoning.
3. It is necessary to decrease the flame when boiling liquids in a vessel, as boiling liquid may extinguish the fire and flowing gas may cause poisoning or explosion. If you smell gas you must inform the dormitory manager to call the emergency services at 04 (112 for cell phones). Before the arrival of the emergency services it is necessary to ventilate the room, do not turn on or off any electrical appliances and lighting, do not use matches or lighters.
4. You should always be aware that the stove surface may have high temperature when used. In case of malfunctions and problems with a stove contact the supervisor.
Safety requirements for heaters
1. The heating system should provide uniform heating of the air within the heating period. Do not block heating devices with other objects. In case of leaks in heating devices call for fitters.
2. Dormitories’ premises should be kept clean and tidy, they must be ventilated and wet cleaned regularly, rubbish and waste must be removed to rubbish bins.
3. Perishable foods should be kept in the refrigerator. Eat only in specified places; do not leave dirty dishes in the sink for long.
4. Keep your clothes and shoes clean. Bed linen should be changed in time (every 10 days).
5. Use slip-resistant and comfortable shoes when visiting the shower unit. Use detergents (shampoos, soaps, gels) in unbreakable containers. They should be kept on shelves designed for it. Adjust water temperature using at first cold water faucet and hot one only after it. Do not wash clothes in shower units, do not to clog the drain holes in the floor.
6. Use bathroom fitments with care, keep bathrooms and toilets clean. In case of emergency (flood, cranes breakdown etc.) inform the dormitory manager. Following all of the above listed requirements will help you to avoid accidents, protect your life and health when performing any activities including the education process.